The Rushmore Report – Remembering MLK: 40 Years After His Death

It was one of those “I remember where I was” days in modern American history. On this day, 40 years ago, James Earl Ray took the life of one of the most significant figures of the 20th century – Martin Luther King, Jr. At the height of the civil rights movement, King’s life was taken in a moment, in Memphis, Tennessee.

Here’s what happened. King had received numerous death threats due to his leadership role in the Civil Rights Movement. He had confronted the issue of death and indicated that he even expected that he would not live a long life. After the assassination of President John F. Kennedy in 1963, King told his wife Coretta, “This is what is going to happen to me also. I keep telling you, this is a sick society.”

Why was King in Memphis on April 4? He came to support striking African American city sanitation workers, who had walked out on the job on February 11, to protest unequal wages and working conditions. At that time, Memphis paid black workers far less than white workers.

On April 3, King addressed a gathering at the Mason Temple (World Headquarters of the Church of God in Christ). His speech, now known as the “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop” address, was delivered flawlessly, as usual. The closing words of his last speech were these:

“I just want to do God’s will. And He’s allowed me to go up to the mountain. And I’ve looked over. And I’ve seen the promised land. I may not get there with you. But I want you to know tonight, that we, as a people, will get to the promised land! [applause] And so I’m happy tonight. I’m not worried about anything. I’m not fearing any man. My eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord!”

King was staying at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, room 306. It was a room he had occupied many times, on his trips to Memphis. He was to speak at an event that night. His last words were to noted musician Ben Branch, who was scheduled to perform that evening. He said, “Ben, make sure you play ‘Take My Hand, Precious Lord’ in the meeting tonight. Play it real pretty.”

Then King walked out onto the balcony and was standing near his room when he was struck at 6:01 p.m. by a single bullet fired from a Remington Model 760 rifle. The bullet penetrated King’s right cheek, breaking his jaw and several vertebrae as it traversed down his spinal cord, severing the jugular vein and major arteries, before lodging in his shoulder. King fell backward, immediately unconscious.

Witnesses saw a man, believed to be James Earl Ray, fleeing from a rooming house across the street. Ray had rented a room there. Police found a package nearby, with Ray’s fingerprints on the package and the gun inside. Still, it wasn’t until two months later that an international manhunt culminated in Ray’s arrest at London’s Heathrow Airport.

When fellow Civil Rights activist Andrew Young rushed to King’s body, he found a pulse. King was rushed to St. Joseph’s Hospital, where doctors opened his chest and performed cardiopulmonary resuscitation. But he never regained consciousness, and was pronounced dead at 7:05 p.m. His autopsy would reveal that though just 39, he had the heart of a 60-year-old, due to unbearable stress.

Martin Luther King, Jr. was laid to rest five days later, on April 9, 1968. A crowd of 300,000 attended his funeral. Vice President Hubert Humphrey attended on behalf of President Lyndon Johnson, who was at a meeting on the Vietnam War at Camp David. At his widow’s request, King’s last sermon at Ebenezer Baptist Church was played at the funeral. In that sermon, delivered on February 4, 1968, he asked that at his funeral there would be no mention of his awards or honors, but that it would be said that he tried to “feed the hungry, clothe the naked, be right on the Vietnam War, and love and serve humanity.”

James Earl Ray died 30 years later, at the age of 70, from kidney and liver failure, caused by hepatitis C, behind bars.

Bess Truman Is Born – 1885

Elizabeth Virginia “Bess” Wallace was born in Independence, Missouri, on this day in 1885. An unassuming woman who died in 1982, Bess was best known as the wife of Harry S. Truman, the 33rd president of the United States. From the time her husband entered politics in 1922, she was active in her role as his wife and future first lady, while raising Margaret, the couple’s only child.

Harry Truman, who was Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s fourth vice president, became president in 1945, following FDR’s death, and then was elected to another term in 1948. It was the said around the White House that the Trumans were the most tight-knit family ever to live there – although for three of their presidential years, they lived in the Blair House while the interior of the White House was gutted and repaired. Bess had insisted that the historic residence be carefully renovated, instead of being replaced.

The Bible promises a new home for us in heaven. And unlike the White House, it is in no need of renovation.

The Rushmore Report – How America Was Different 50 Years Ago

The year was 1968. It really doesn’t seem that long ago. But a quick look back at how America was different then serves two purposes. It makes you laugh out loud and it make you feel old – if, like me, you were around in 1968. So let’s take a brief stroll down memory lane, to one of the most colorful eras in American history. Here we go . . .

1. You had to go to the bank to get money; there were no ATMs.

2. There were no “R” rated movies; movies weren’t rated back then.

3. Man had not walked on the moon yet.

4. The drinking age was 18.

5. Seat belts were not mandatory.

6. A gallon of gas cost 34 cents.

7. 9-1-1 didn’t exist. (911 was used later, because it had not been used as an area code.)

8. Most phones were rotary.

9. All phones had cords.

10. Local calls required only seven digits.

11. Chicken pox killed 100 children per year.

12. Cigarette ads were still allowed on TV.

13. Lenders could discriminate based on gender or race.

14. Builders could still use asbestos.

15. Computers took up entire rooms.

16. Child car seats weren’t regulated.

17. Babe Ruth was still the home run king.

18. Walmart had just 24 stores.

19. There were three TV networks.

20. There was still a military draft.

21. Radio was the only means of portable music.

22. The #1 hit of the year was Hey Jude.

23. Median household income was $7,743.

24. An average new house cost $26,600.

25. Most TV sets were still black and white.

Now, let’s jump ahead another 50 years. The year is 2068. This is what they will be saying about us . . .

1. Cars still required drivers.

2. Man had not yet stepped on Mars.

3. Jet packs were still in the developmental stage.

4. America was ruled by two political parties.

5. We did not yet have a cure for cancer, diabetes, or Alzheimer’s.

6. We still had banks, gas stations, and physical money.

The Rushmore Report: The Ten Biggest Stories of 2017

It always seems like whatever year just ended was our most significant. But 2017 really seems like an unusually newsworthy, crazy year. From elections to national disasters to unrest to a new – and different – president, 2017 was packed with incredible events. Let’s review briefly. These are our picks for the ten biggest stories of 2017.

1. President Trump

Before the election of 2016, Trump was constant headline news. That has not changed in the first year of his presidency. The Trump Administration is a daily feeding frenzy for the national press. Trump is in the news every day – for his policies, actions, and, most of all, tweets. Though his approval rating is stuck at about 39 percent, Mr. Trump is clearly the top story of 2017.

2. Neil Gorsuch

Perhaps the most significant and far-reaching thing Trump will do in his entire four or eight years in office was the naming of conservative judge Neil Gorsuch to the U.S. Supreme Court. This pick, along with dozens of other lower court selections, will shape the nation’s judiciary for the next generation.

3. Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, and Maria

My hometown of Houston will be rebuilding for years. Harvey, the costliest hurricane in history, dumped 1 million gallons of water per person in the region. Over 70 percent of Harris County was under 18 inches of water. A few weeks later, Hurricane Irma hit my new home state of Florida as a Category 4 beast. And then Maria hit Puerto Rico, where half the island is still without power.

4. Tax Cuts

I put this one this high because it will have such a lasting impact on American families and the national economy. The average family will see about $2,000 in annual savings. Corporations will come back home to America. Pay increases will come and corporations will flourish. If you liked the 2017 economy, you should love 2018.

5. The FBI, Mueller, and Comey

President Trump’s decision to fire Director James Comey shocked everybody. On his way out the door, Mueller leaked information to trigger a Special Council and a far-reaching investigation, to be led by former FBI Director George Mueller. The investigation into collusion by Trump with the Russians – which would not be illegal, by the way – is the investigation that knows no end.

6. Sexual Harassment Scandals

They have hit politics, the media, and corporate America. Sexual harassment accusations have cost several longtime leaders in Washington their jobs: Sen. Al Franken (D-MN), Rep. John Conyers (D-MI), Rep. Trent Franks (R-AZ), Rep. Ruben Kihuen (D-NV), and Rep. Blake Farenthold (R-TX) among them. Rumors suggest as many as 40 others will resign for similar reasons in the coming months.

7. North Korea and Iran

The continued flirtation of North Korea with nuclear development threatens to be the story of 2017. Sanctions have not worked to deter the madmen in Iran and they don’t appear to be working in North Korea, either. Where will this end? No one knows, but it could end very badly.

8. Judge Roy Moore

Democrat Doug Jones won the Alabama Senate seat, but make no mistake. The story was all about Roy Moore. An “unnamed Republican” could have won that seat; Alabama is that “red.” But sexual allegations against Moore – and the way he handled those allegations – cost him dearly. No Senate election was such big news in the past several decades.

9. Obamacare

Republicans’ promised repeal of Obamacare failed by one vote – as Senator John McCain (R-AZ) threw a wrench into the plans. With a last-second vote with the Democrats, McCain violated his own promise to repeal the law he has screamed about for years.

10. Massacres of Las Vegas and Texas

On October 1, a lone gunman opened fire from the 32nd floor of the Mandalay Bay Resort and Casino in Las Vegas, killing 59. On November 5, an armor-clad shooter entered a church in rural south Texas and opened fire, killing 26. Predictably, both shootings led to heated debate over gun control. And predictably, this debate has calmed down. It always does.

Honorable Mention

Many other significant events shook America and the world in 2017. These are deserving of mention, at least: soaring Stock Market, Charlottesville, the Trump travel ban, the total solar eclipse, culture wars, and my favorite – the Houston Astros’ World Series Championship.


The Mayflower landed this day in history, in 1620. Here’s the story.

The Mayflower was the ship that transported English separatists, known today as Pilgrims, from Plymouth in England to the New World. There were 102 passengers, and the crew is estimated to have been about 30, but the exact number is unknown. This voyage has become an iconic story in some of the earliest annals of American history, with its story of death and of survival in the harsh New England winter environment. The culmination of the voyage in the signing of the Mayflower Compact is an event which established a rudimentary form of democracy, with each member contributing to the welfare of the community.

The Mayflower first anchored in what would become the harbor of Provincetown, Massachusetts on November 11, 1620. The ship was headed for Virginia, but eventually reached New England. There are varying theories as to how this happened. They include: violent storms threw the ship off course; a navigation error; the Dutch bribed the captain to sail north so the Pilgrims would not settle near New Amsterdam; and the Pilgrims on the Mayflower, who comprised only 35 of the 102 settlers aboard the Mayflower, hijacked the ship to land far from Anglican control.

The Pilgrim settlers, realizing that the party did not have a patent to settle in the region, subsequently signed the Mayflower Compact. The Pilgrims went on to explore various parts of Cape Cod, but soon a storm and violent fights with local Native Americans forced the migrants to sail westward into Cape Cod Bay.

The Pilgrims eventually came across the sheltered waters of Plymouth Harbor on December 17. The appealing protected bay led to a site at the present-day Harbor District being chosen for the new settlement after three days of surveying.

Why do we share all of this? One reason. We need to be reminded of our history, and the amazing set of circumstances that led to this becoming the most amazing country in the history of the world.

It all began on this day in history – 1620.

We thought you should know.












The Rushmore Report: Just Released – New Eyewitness Account of JFK Assassination

On Wednesday, the Secret Service agent who jumped onto the back of John Kennedy’s car seconds after he was shot published his personal notes describing his eyewitness account. As the man with the closest view of the actual events, Clint Hill’s record is astonishing and raw. Following are some of the notes he wrote within moments of the assassination of America’s 36th president.

On that fateful day 54 years ago, Hill was standing on the lip of the vehicle driving behind President Kennedy and First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy. Hill heard Lee Harvey Oswald’s first gunshot, and immediately saw the president “grab at his throat.” Without thinking, he bolted toward the president’s car from behind, but was unable to reach the president before the fatal shot was fired. He then used his body to shield the First Lady as the car sped toward Parkland Hospital in Dallas.

This is the exact account of Kennedy’s assassination in the words of the closest eyewitness.

November 21 (4:00 pm)

“Couldn’t transport Secret Service cars from San Antonio to Houston in time, so we had leased cars on 11/21/63. Rather uncomfortable, and not ideal for protection, to ride straddling the door in follow-up car.”

November 21 (4:09 pm)

“We saw a few protestors in Houston on 11/21/63. But nothing violent. No specific threats.”

November 22 (10:12 am)

“President and Mrs. Kennedy held hands at Carswell Air Force as we prepared to depart Fort Worth for Dallas. They were thrilled with the reception they’d received thus far in Texas.”

November 22 (10:58 am)

“Seemed ridiculous to fly Ft. Worth to Dallas, but political staff wanted arrival of Air Force One in Dallas. An exuberant crowd greeted President and Mrs. Kennedy at Love Field.”

November 22 (11:29 am)

“They were supposed to get directly into the car, but President Kennedy went to the fence line to shake hands. Mrs. Kennedy followed. The press went crazy.”

November 22 (12:19 pm)

“As we proceeded down Main St. in Dallas, the crowds grew larger. 15-20 people deep on each side of the street. People hanging out of windows, on fire escapes, anywhere they could get to have a view of President and Mrs. Kennedy.”

November 22 (12:27 pm)

“There were 2 motorcycle cops immediately to my left. The noise of the engines very loud, mixed with the screams and cheers. As we came to end of Main St., turned onto Houston, the crowds suddenly dropped off.”

November 22 (12:30 pm)

“The cars had to slow way down as we made the sharp turn from Houston onto Elm. Suddenly, I heard an explosive noise over my right shoulder, from the rear. I turned toward the noise. Notice the other agents are turning back toward the noise, too.”

November 22 (12:32 pm)

“As I turned my head toward the noise, I stopped when I saw JFK’s reaction. He grabbed at his throat and lurched to the left. I realized it was a gunshot. I jumped off the running board and ran toward the presidential limo.”

November 22 (12:35 pm)

“As I was running, two more shots were fired. Unfortunately, I was not faster than the bullets.”

November 22 (2:55 pm)

“The other agents and I carried the casket up the stairs to Air Force One as Mrs. K watched. We got to the door, and it was too wide to fit through the door … we had to rip the handles off to make it fit.”

November 23 (6:41 am)

“After the autopsy at Bethesda Naval Hospital, we returned to the White House around 4:30 am 11/23/63 with President John F. Kennedy in a new flag-draped casket. Mrs. Kennedy & me still in our blood-stained clothes.”

November 23 (8:35 am)

“The casket was placed on a catafalque in East Room & surrounded by Honor Guard. I went home @ 6:30 am. Shaved, showered, returned to White House. No time off. All other agents were w/LBJ. Only Paul Landis & me w/Mrs. Kennedy. There was no one to replace us.”

He Died Today

On this day in 1963, we lost a president to an assassin’s bullet. But we lost another great man that same day. His name was Clive Staples.

Clive was the most brilliant man of his day. He published nine best-selling books. In his honor stands a statue in the Church of England. He was a published poet, knew ancient Greek, and was a student of Irish mythology. He cherished his faith, along with his brother, who died young.

For those of you over 60, you probably remember where you were the day Clive died, because John Kennedy died the same day. It may have been Clive who had the greatest impact on his world, not Kennedy. The great theologian, philosopher, and writer still lives through his books, which are required reading in colleges and seminaries to this day.

Is it even necessary to give his full name? Surely you are familiar with Clive Staples. If not, I’ll throw in his last name – Lewis. C. S. Lewis – one of God’s giants.

Moby Dick Published This Day in 1851

Moby Dick, or The Whale, is a novel by Herman Melville, considered an outstanding work of Romanticism and the American Renaissance. Ishmael narrates the monomaniacal quest of Ahab, captain of the whaler Pequod, for revenge on Moby Dick, a white whale which on a previous voyage destroyed Ahab’s ship and severed his leg at the knee.

Although the novel was a commercial failure and out of print at the time of the author’s death in 1891, its reputation as a Great American Novel grew during the 20th century. William Falkner confessed he wished he had written it himself, and D. H. Lawrence called it “one of the strangest and most wonderful books in the world,” and “the greatest book of the sea ever written.” “Call me Ishmael” is one of world literature’s most famous opening sentences.

So when it was written, no one thought much of Moby Dick. But today it remains one of the most acclaimed works of literature ever penned by man.

That’s a lot like life. What we see as insignificant today becomes huge tomorrow. The lesson? Don’t forget the little stuff. Just because something doesn’t look like much right now does not mean it will not be a factor in your ultimate destiny.

Commit to God the little stuff. Then step back and watch what he can do.

The Story of Al Capone

On this date in history, 1931, Al Capone was convicted of income tax evasion. But it didn’t come easily or quickly. This is his story.

Al Capone was born in the borough of Brooklyn in New York City to Italian immigrants. Capone was a Five Points Gang member who became a bouncer in organized crime premises such as brothels. In his early 20s, he moved to Chicago and became bodyguard and trusted factotum for Johnny Torrio, head of a criminal syndicate that illegally supplied alcohol and that was politically protected through the Unione Siciliana. A conflict with the North Side Gang was instrumental in Capone’s rise and fall. Torrio went into retirement after North Side gunmen almost killed him, thereby bringing about Capone’s succession. Capone expanded the bootlegging business through increasingly violent means, but his mutually profitable relationships with mayor William Hale Thompson and the city’s police meant Capone seemed safe from law enforcement. Apparently reveling in the attention, such as cheers when he appeared at ball games, Capone made donations to various charities and was viewed by many to be a “modern day Robin Hood.” However, the Saint Valentine’s Day Massacre of gang rivals from the North Side Gang damaged Chicago’s image, leading influential citizens to demand governmental action.

The federal authorities became intent on jailing Capone and prosecuted him for tax evasion in 1931. The case was highly politicized and both prosecutors and judge later received preferment. During prior and ultimately abortive negotiations to pay the government any back taxes he owed, Capone had made admissions of his income; the judge deemed these statements usable as evidence at the trial, and also refused to let Capone plead guilty for a lighter sentence. The effect of such decisions by the judge was added to by the incompetence of Capone’s defense attorneys. Capone was convicted and sentenced to a then record breaking 11 years in federal prison. Replacing his old defense team with experts in tax law, his grounds for appeal were strengthened by a Supreme Court ruling, but Capone again found that his status as a symbol of criminality meant that judges decided against him. Already showing signs of syphilitic dementia by early in his sentence, he became increasingly debilitated before being released after eight years. On January 25, 1947, Capone died of cardiac arrest after suffering a stroke. Capone’s conviction had negligible effect on the prevalence of organized crime in Chicago.

First Manned Apollo Mission Launches

On October 11, 1968, NASA launched its first successful manned Apollo mission, with astronauts Wally Schirra, Donn R. Eisele, and Walter Cunningham aboard.

Apollo 7 was a human spacecraft mission carried out by the United States. In addition to being the first such mission to carry man to space, it was the first U.S. spaceflight to carry astronauts since the flight of Gemini XII in November, 1966.

The mission was an 11-day Earth-orbital test flight to check out the redesigned Block II Apollo Command/Service Module with a crew on board. It was the first launch of a Saturn IB vehicle to put a crew into space, the first three-person American space mission, and the first live TV broadcast from an American spacecraft. It was successfully launched from what was then known as Cape Kennedy Air Force Station, Florida. Despite tension between the crew and ground controllers, the mission was a complete technical success, giving NASA the confidence to launch Apollo 8 around the Moon two months later. However, the flight would prove to be the last NASA space flight for all of its three crew members when it splashed down in the Atlantic Ocean on October 22, 1968. It was also the final manned launch from Cape Kennedy Air Force Station.