Little Rock’s High School Integration – 60 Years Ago Today

On this day in history, 1957, under escort by the U.S. Army’s 101st Airborne Division, nine black students entered all-white Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. Three weeks earlier, Governor Orval Faubus had surrounded the school with state National Guard troops to prevent execution of a federal court order – that the school achieve racial integration. Blocked at the door, the students endured intense verbal abuse from a white mob.

At one point, Elizabeth Eckford was surrounded and threatened with lynching. After a tense standoff, President Dwight Eisenhower federalized the Arkansas National Guard and also sent in the paratroopers to enforce the court order. After Eisenhower’s action, the Little Rock Nine entered the school, where some white students made additional verbal and physical assaults on the newcomers. Melba Pattillo had acid thrown in her eyes, and Eckford was pushed down a flight of stairs. The male students in the group were subjected to more conventional beatings.

Change never comes easily. As a son of the South, I am embarrassed for segregation – and the reluctance to integrate. When I was a child growing up in Houston, we still had “colored drinking fountains” at the Houston Zoo. My junior high school had just eight blacks. And fights were a common affair.

In today’s culture, it is easy to see how far we still have to go. But when we look back a bit, we can rejoice to see how far we have already come.

Preliminary Emancipation – 1862

On this day in 1862, just after the Battle of Antietam, Abraham Lincoln issued a proclamation calling on the rebellious Southern states to return their allegiance before the end of the year. If they failed to do so, their slaves would be declared free men. As no state responded to the threat, the Emancipation Proclamation was issued on January 1, 1863. One result of this action was the recruitment of black soldiers to the Union, resulting in nearly 180,000 men enlisting during the remainder of the war. Lincoln considered the proclamation “the central act of my administration, and the greatest event of the nineteenth century.”

But the first proclamation came on September 22, 100 days before the final edict.

Here’s the lesson for us today. A declaration of freedom is not the same thing as freedom. Jesus died to set us free – 2,000 years ago. But until we accept that gift personally, freedom will remain beyond our grasp.

On the cross, Jesus said, “It is finished.” He paid the price. Your freedom has been purchased for all time. The next move is yours.

Benedict Arnold

On this day in history, 1780, Benedict Arnold gave the British the plans to West Point. Arnold was a general during the American Revolutionary War who originally fought for the American Continental Army but defected to the British Army. While a general on the American side, he obtained command of the fortifications at West Point, New York. When his plans to give information to the enemy became known, he defected to the British side.

In July 1780, Arnold was offered American command of West Point. When his plot to betray his men was discovered, he fled down the Hudson River to the British area known as Vulture, narrowly avoiding capture by the forces of George Washington, who had been alerted to the plot.

Throughout history, there have been stories of traitors. Judas was one. He betrayed Jesus for a few coins. Peter was one. He denied Christ three times in one night. And I am one. I rejected his claim on my life for years.

Whose side are you fighting on? I love the words of Joshua. “As for me and my house, we will serve the Lord” (Joshua 24:15).

 

The Rushmore Report: Crunch Time – Will Republicans Repeal Obamacare?

After barely registering on the media’s radar for weeks, the Graham-Cassidy Obamacare replacement bill is finally generating serious attention as a September 30 deadline for action approaches. Senate Republicans appear to be just one or two votes shy of a simple majority to pass the legislation, which also appears to have enough support to pass in the House. But will they get there? Will they actually repeal Obamacare?

If you’re looking for hopeful signs of passage, it looks like John McCain – while still hesitant – says he’s open to supporting the bill that’s co-authored by his closest friend in the Senate, Lindsey Graham. One of the factors behind McCain’s decision-making process on Obamacare replacement bills has been the advice of his state’s Governor, Doug Ducey, who gave the bill his blessing this week.

Alaska’s Lisa Murkowski has also made quasi-supportive statements that at least suggest that she’d consider casting an “aye” vote if and when the time comes.

Conversely, Susan Collins still sounds like she has no interest in supporting any bill to repeal Obamacare – even one that takes a state-based approach similar to her own proposed plan, which she introduced with none other than Bill Cassidy. It seems increasingly clear that as Republicans weigh their options on this subject, Collins should be considered a Democrat, for all intents and purposes.

Then there’s Rand Paul, who is digging in against the bill, framing it as “if you like Obamacare, you can keep it” non-repeal. Some of Paul’s arguments against the new legislation hold water as a matter of policy, but they’re hard to square with his support for “skinny repeal,” which he said was the best option left. And if he’s offended by a proposal that would have the practical effect of maintaining Obamacare in some places, does he believe a better alternative would be to keep Obamacare everywhere?

A recent National Review summary explains some of the appealing benefits of the framework of the new legislation. It would repeal the individual and employer mandate of the Affordable Care Act, impose per capita caps on Medicaid, increase contributions to health savings accounts, allow states to waive regulations on private insurance providers, and provide those states with block grants so they can design their own healthcare systems.

Will Graham-Cassidy pass next week? It will be a close call.

About the Author

Guy Benson writes for TownHall.

The Rushmore Report: The Death of a President

The death of a president – it happened this week in history, 1881. James A. Garfield died of wounds suffered in a shooting two and a half months earlier. Much has been made of the assassinations of presidents Lincoln and Kennedy. But the death of Garfield was interesting in many ways. For example, Lincoln’s son was an eye witness. And despite the shooting, President Garfield didn’t have to die. This is his story.

Garfield was scheduled to leave Washington on July 2, 1881, for his summer vacation. On that day, Charles J. Guiteau lay in wait for the president at the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station, on the southwest corner of present-day Sixth Street and Constitution Avenue NW in Washington, D.C.

President Garfield came to the Sixth Street Station on his way to his alma mater, Williams College, where he was scheduled to deliver a speech. He was accompanied by two of his sons, James and Harry, and Secretary of State James Blaine. Secretary of War Robert Todd Lincoln (Abe Lincoln’s son) waited at the station to see the president off. Garfield had no bodyguard or security detail; with the exception of Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War, early U.S. presidents did not employ guards.

As President Garfield entered the waiting room of the station, Guiteau stepped forward and pulled the trigger from behind at point-blank range. “My God, what is that?” Garfield cried out, flinging up his arms. Guiteau fired again and Garfield collapsed. One bullet grazed Garfield’s shoulder; the other hit him in the back, passing the first lumbar vertebra but missing the spinal cord before coming to rest behind his pancreas.

Most historians and medical experts now believe that Garfield probably would have survived his wounds had the doctors attending him been more capable. Unfortunately for Garfield, most American doctors of the day did not believe in anti-sepsis measures or the need for cleanliness to prevent infection. Several inserted their unsterilized fingers into the wound to probe for the bullet, and one doctor punctured Garfield’s liver in doing so.

Also, self-appointed chief physician D. Willard Bliss had supplanted Garfield’s usual physician, Jedediah Hyde Baxter. Bliss and other doctors who attended Garfield had guessed wrong about the path of the bullet in Garfield’s body. They had erroneously probed rightward into Garfield’s back instead of leftward, missing the location of the bullet but creating a new channel which filled with pus. The autopsy not only discovered this error but revealed pneumonia in both lungs and a body that was filled with pus due to uncontrolled septicemia.

We have had four presidential assassinations in American history. But only this one was the result, in part, of poor medical care. The death of a president – it happened 136 years ago this week.

 

The Rushmore Report: Pro-Life Group Shows Abortion on Jumbotron Outside Kentucky’s Last Abortion Clinic

A pair of pro-life activist groups held a demonstration outside Kentucky’s last abortion clinic to announce plans to put up images of actual abortions on the giant Jumbotron next to the clinic. Operation Save America and Created Equal decided to use the 8-by-16 foot screen to show what actually happens to a baby during an abortion in front of the Louisville EMW Women’s Surgical Center.

Created Equal National Director Mark Harrington explained that Kentucky “is ground zero in the abortion wars.” He continued, “The pro-life movement needs to focus on making Kentucky the first abortion-free state in America.” He also said the Jumbotron video is “the most effective use of our resources because it bypasses the fake news media with an uncensored message that goes directly to the people.”

When asked if such displays inflame more than they inform, Harrington said that “while anger is sometimes a response to our images, it is in no way the only reaction we see. Some are shocked into silence, others express horror that these images are real, and others are struck by deep sadness. Many confess that they had ‘no idea abortion looked like that.'”

Harrington also argued that the images merely bring to the surface preexisting tensions, drawing a parallel to how the Civil Rights Movement’s nonviolent tactics did not cause racist violence, but simply brought it to light. The tension present at Dr. King’s demonstrations was a result of racism, not the tactic of nonviolent disobedience,” he added.

The Rushmore Report: 20 Possible Presidential Candidates for 2020

Now that the 2016 presidential election is on the books, it’s time for the next one – 2020. Sure, after an especially divisive and vitriolic election, many Americans are looking for a break from politics. But for the ambitious, as well as those aggrieved by last November’s results, the next presidential election is around the corner. We have whittled down the crop of contenders. Here are our top 20 candidates, in alphabetical order.

Democrats

John Bel Edwards – Louisiana governor

Bill de Blasio – New York City mayor

Cory Booker – New Jersey senator

Sherrod Brown – Ohio senator

Julian Castro – former secretary of housing and urban development

Andrew Cuomo – New York governor

Russ Feingold – former Wisconsin senator

Tulsi Gabbard – Hawaii U.S. representative

Kamala Harris – California senator

Tim Kaine – Virginia senator

Amy Klobuchar – Minnesota senator

Joe Manchin – West Virginia senator

Thomas Perez – Democratic Party chair

Bernie Sanders – Vermont senator

Tom Steyer – San Francisco billionaire

Jon Tester – Montana senator

Elizabeth Warren – Massachusetts senator

Tom Wolf – Pennsylvania governor

Republicans

Ted Cruz – Texas senator

John Kasich – Ohio governor

About the Author

James Pindell writes for The Boston Globe.

The Rushmore Report: Ben Shapiro – Five Things I Learned at Berkeley

So, I visited Berkeley last night [last Thursday], and it was terrific. The students were engaged, and the police were finally allowed to do their jobs. Antifa stayed away. Sure, there were protesters – lots of them. That’s great! It’s a free country, and they’re free to say whatever stupid nonsense they want to. But overall, this was a big moment for Berkeley, which had been blockaded by violent leftists for nearly a year: a civil discussion involving a dissenting, conservative voice, allowed by the administration and defended by law enforcement.

Even at Berkeley, the First Amendment still lives.

Here are a few things I learned last night.

1. When the police are allowed to do their jobs, Antifa is powerless.

We’ve watched Antifa fight free speech in cities ranging from Portland to Seattle to Sacramento to Dallas to Berkeley. We’ve watched them get violent. But the biggest problem, by far, as been the unwillingness of local authorities to allow the police to do what they need to do. Last night, hundreds of police were brought in to protect our event, at a cost of $600,000. That’s because of Black Bloc and Antifa. But neither held sway, because the police quickly arrested anyone with a weapon or a mask, and prevented violence in the crowd outside. Good. Law and order is a precondition to civil society. It’s just sad so much law enforcement was necessary for a college speech.

2. Many students are infected by the microaggression mentality.

The notion of microaggressions suggests that if I attack your politics, I’m attacking your identity – and that such political attacks are a form of “aggression” equivalent to violence. Many doltish students stood outside and chanted just that.

3. Many on the left are willing to label anyone a white supremacist.

I, needless to say, am not a white supremacist. I devoted several minutes of my speech last night to ripping into white supremacism and the alt-right. I’ve devoted much of the last two years to doing so as well. That didn’t stop Leftish students from posting a banner opposite the building where I was speaking. It read: “We say NO to your white supremacist _______.” How far will some on the Left go in this direction? You see, I’m not really even Jewish. It’s just an enormous ruse. I’ve been undercover for some 33 years. The kippa is just a disguise to throw those wily actual Jews off the scent.

4. Students can handle it.

Yesterday, we had a bunch of people who disagreed with me who attended the lecture. That was great, and I personally thanked them for their attendance. That apparently didn’t stop a few from feeling supremely hurt by things they didn’t even have the stomach to hear. Overall, though, students are just fine. And all the administrative tut-tutting over the sensitivities of snowflakes is generally unnecessary.

5. Conservatism needs to be heard on campus.

The administration didn’t do a great job of ensuring that those who wanted to hear my speech could do so. They heavily restricted the venue, and then prevented those in the standby line from attending. The next step in ensuring free speech is ensuring that events are better handled by the administration so that those who want to hear an opposing view – and there were literally thousands who wanted to come – can do so.

Overall, the event was a great success. All the Leftist insanity merely brought a spotlight to conservatism, and to the necessity for free speech. Thanks so much to the Young America’s Foundation, to the Berkeley College Republicans – and more than anyone, the besieged police officers – who made it possible. This is what America is all about.

About the Author

Ben Shapiro is the voice of The Daily Wire, author of the most popular conservative blog in the world, and one of the most sought after young conservative speakers in America.

The Rushmore Report: How Does MSNBC’s Joy Reid Still Have a Job?

MSNBC is still masquerading as a news organization. I wish I could find someone naive enough to still see them as such so I could unload my Edsel stock. The gap between the far-left media and human decency has never been wider. Case in point – “reporter” Joy Reid, of MSNBC. What she gets away with, were it said by a Fox News reporter about President Obama, would heap shame and embarrassment upon her and her network.

But MSNBC is not easily shamed. Of course, they have every right to promote their socialist-democrat views 24 hours a day, whether anyone is actually watching or not. That is not offensive. To many, their views are dangerous, but as long as we hang onto this much-maligned thing called The First Amendment, they have every right to broadcast anything short of screaming “Fire!” in a movie theater.

Socialism isn’t their greatest sin. Neither is liberalism nor leftist ideology.

The sin of MSNBC is indecency.

I return to Joy Reid. Tuesday, Reid referred to President Trump’s supporters as “deplorables” on twitter, borrowing a phrase from Hillary Clinton, who, to her credit, has long since backtracked on her comments. In condemning Trump’s “America First” speech before the United Nations (a concept that obviously is as offensive to Ms. Reid as her comments are to the rest of us), she said, “Sometimes I think Donald Trump has given up on the idea of ever being respected by anyone other than his ‘deplorables.'”

What set her off was Trump’s statement that the United States could utterly destroy North Korea. Reid is apparently unaware that President Obama said the same thing just two years ago.

Joy Reid is no stranger to outlandish comments.

Last week, the host of AM Joy said that now “is the worst time to be a human” in the history of civilization, simply because she disagrees with the politics of the president. Really? This is “the worst time to be a human”? I’m guessing there were a few Christians who would have been happy to give up their place in the lion’s den for the persecution of 21st century America. I’m guessing a few Jews from 70 years ago would have preferred Trump’s policies to Hitler’s. And I’m pretty sure my granddad (WWI) and dad (WWII) would look at us now and say we really don’t have it that bad.

But there’s more.

Back in June, Reid criticized House Majority Whip Steve Scalise (R-LA), while he was still hospitalized after being shot. I guess there’s nothing “deplorable” about that, according to MSNBC.

I must ask it again. How does MSNBC’s Joy Reid still have a job? Imagine the outcry if Sean Hannity said anyone who voted for Obama was “deplorable,” that Obama made this the “worst time to be a human,” and then criticized Democratic Representative Gabriella Giffords after she was shot in Arizona.

Would Sean Hannity still have a job? Of course not. Does Joy Reid still have a job? Of course she does. And that makes this a sad day for MSNBC. One might even say it’s “deplorable.”

President Garfield Shot – and Dies Two Months Later

On this day in history, President James A. Garfield died – over two months after he was shot. It happened on July 2, 1881. Garfield became the second U.S. President to die by assassination, just 17 years after Abraham Lincoln. This is what happened.

Garfield was scheduled to leave Washington on July 2, 1881, for his summer vacation. On that day, Guiteau lay in wait for the President at the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station, on the southwest corner of present-day Sixth Street and Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, D.C.

President Garfield came to the Sixth Street Station on his way to his alma mater, Williams College, where he was scheduled to deliver a speech. Garfield was accompanied by two of his sons, James and Harry, and Secretary of State Blaine. Secretary of War Robert Todd Lincoln waited at the station to see the President off. Garfield had no bodyguard or security detail; with the exception of Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War, early U.S. presidents did not employ guards.

As President Garfield entered the waiting room of the station Guiteau stepped forward and pulled the trigger from behind at point-blank range. “My God, what is that?” Garfield cried out, flinging up his arms. Guiteau fired again and Garfield collapsed. One bullet grazed Garfield’s shoulder; the other hit him in the back, passing the first lumbar vertebra but missing the spinal cord before coming to rest behind his pancreas.

Most historians and medical experts now believe that Garfield probably would have survived his wound had the doctors attending him been more capable. Unfortunately for Garfield, most American doctors of the day did not believe in anti-sepsis measures or the need for cleanliness to prevent infection. Several inserted their unsterilized fingers into the wound to probe for the bullet, and one doctor punctured Garfield’s liver in doing so.

Also, self-appointed chief physician D. Willard Bliss had supplanted Garfield’s usual physician, Jedediah Hyde Baxter. Bliss and the other doctors who attended Garfield had guessed wrong about the path of the bullet in Garfield’s body. They had erroneously probed rightward into Garfield’s back instead of leftward, missing the location of the bullet but creating a new channel which filled with pus.

The autopsy not only discovered this error, but revealed pneumonia in both lungs and a body that was filled with pus due to uncontrolled septicemia.

Garfield’s body was taken to Washington, where it lay in state for two days in the Capitol Rotunda before being taken to Cleveland, Ohio, where the funeral was held on September 26.